New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide

TitleNew handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPerez-Harguindeguy N., Diaz S., Garnier E., Lavorel S., Poorter H., Jaureguiberry P., Bret-Harte MS, Cornwell W.K, Craine J.M, Gurvich D.E, Urcelay C., Veneklaas E.J, Reich P.B, Poorter L., Wright I.J, Ray P., Enrico L., Pausas J.G, de Vos A.C, Buchmann N., Funes G., Quetier F., Hodgson J.G, Thompson K., Morgan H.D, H. Steege ter, van der Heijden M.GA, Sack L., Blonder B., Poschlod P., Vaieretti M.V, Conti G., Staver A.C, Aquino S., Cornelissen J.HC
JournalAustralian Journal of BotanyAustralian Journal of BotanyAustralian Journal of Botany
Volume61
Pagination167-234
ISBN Number0067-1924
Accession NumberISI:000318568100001
Keywordsanti-herbivore defense, biodiversity, dry-matter content, ecophysiology, ecosystem dynamics, ecosystem functions, environmental change, leaf life-span, litter decomposition rates, long-distance dispersal, mixed dipterocarp forest, northwest european flora, plant morphology, relative growth-rate, tropical rain-forest, wood specific-gravity
Abstract

Plant functional traits are the features (morphological, physiological, phenological) that represent ecological strategies and determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels and influence ecosystem properties. Variation in plant functional traits, and trait syndromes, has proven useful for tackling many important ecological questions at a range of scales, giving rise to a demand for standardised ways to measure ecologically meaningful plant traits. This line of research has been among the most fruitful avenues for understanding ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes. It also has the potential both to build a predictive set of local, regional and global relationships between plants and environment and to quantify a wide range of natural and human-driven processes, including changes in biodiversity, the impacts of species invasions, alterations in biogeochemical processes and vegetation-atmosphere interactions. The importance of these topics dictates the urgent need for more and better data, and increases the value of standardised protocols for quantifying trait variation of different species, in particular for traits with power to predict plant-and ecosystem-level processes, and for traits that can be measured relatively easily. Updated and expanded from the widely used previous version, this handbook retains the focus on clearly presented, widely applicable, step-by-step recipes, with a minimum of text on theory, and not only includes updated methods for the traits previously covered, but also introduces many new protocols for further traits. This new handbook has a better balance between whole-plant traits, leaf traits, root and stem traits and regenerative traits, and puts particular emphasis on traits important for predicting species' effects on key ecosystem properties. We hope this new handbook becomes a standard companion in local and global efforts to learn about the responses and impacts of different plant species with respect to environmental changes in the present, past and future.

Short TitleAust J BotAust J Bot
Alternate JournalAust J Bot