Linking functional diversity and social actor strategies in a framework for interdisciplinary analysis of nature's benefits to society

TitleLinking functional diversity and social actor strategies in a framework for interdisciplinary analysis of nature's benefits to society
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDiaz S., Quetier F., Caceres D.M, Trainor S.F, Perez-Harguindeguy N., Bret-Harte MS, Finegan B., Pena-Claros M., Poorter L.
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of AmericaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of AmericaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume108
Pagination895-902
Date PublishedJan 18
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberISI:000286310300007
Keywordsagrobiodiversity, climate-change, consequences, conservation, ecosystem services, land-use, response diversity, sustainability science, traits, vulnerability analysis
Abstract

The crucial role of biodiversity in the links between ecosystems and societies has been repeatedly highlighted both as source of wellbeing and as a target of human actions, but not all aspects of biodiversity are equally important to different ecosystem services. Similarly, different social actors have different perceptions of and access to ecosystem services, and therefore, they have different wants and capacities to select directly or indirectly for particular biodiversity and ecosystem characteristics. Their choices feed back onto the ecosystem services provided to all parties involved and in turn, affect future decisions. Despite this recognition, the research communities addressing biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human outcomes have yet to develop frameworks that adequately treat the multiple dimensions and interactions in the relationship. Here, we present an interdisciplinary framework for the analysis of relationships between functional diversity, ecosystem services, and human actions that is applicable to specific social environmental systems at local scales. We connect the mechanistic understanding of the ecological role of diversity with its social relevance: ecosystem services. The framework permits connections between functional diversity components and priorities of social actors using land use decisions and ecosystem services as the main links between these ecological and social components. We propose a matrix-based method that provides a transparent and flexible platform for quantifying and integrating social and ecological information and negotiating potentially conflicting land uses among multiple social actors. We illustrate the applicability of our framework by way of land use examples from temperate to subtropical South America, an area of rapid social and ecological change.

Short TitleP Natl Acad Sci USAP Natl Acad Sci USA
Alternate JournalP Natl Acad Sci USA